Articles

Escherichia coli Splinter Killer System: Degradation of Plant Material Using a Transformed E. coli Chassis

November 28, 2016 // 0 Comments

Splinters are a common everyday injury, and current home remedies remain insufficient. Tweezers can be painful, difficult to use, and can leave fragments of wood behind. To solve this problem, Escherichia coli can be genetically engineered to enzymatically digest the cellulose and lignin present in a wood splinter, which can then be washed out of the wound or reabsorbed by the body. [...]

Biological Decaffeination

November 28, 2016 // 0 Comments

Current methods for removing caffeine from products are arduous and result in products of inferior quality compared to the original. We propose to solve this problem by constructing a synthetic biological system to accomplish this task. [...]

Evaluating the Potential Use of a Cellulose Binding Domain to Protect Oysters from Perkinsus marinus in the Chesapeake Bay

November 28, 2016 // 0 Comments

The Eastern Oyster population of the Chesapeake Bay has been declining steadily over the past century due to a disease called Dermo. Dermo is a disease caused by the Perkinsus marinus parasite, which attaches to the galectin receptors on the outer membrane of oyster cells. The purpose of this project is to create a synthetic seaweed that will capture the protist, P. marinus. [...]

Expression of Keratinase Genes from the Bacillus Genera in Escherichia coli JM109 and DH5α for use in the Poultry and Wastewater Management Industries

November 28, 2016 // 1 Comment

The expression of bacterial keratinase provides an opportunity to manage degradation-resistant keratin waste. This study aims to provide a foundation for future management of hair and feather waste by reducing the negative effects that the current treatment methods have on the environment, and by producing a useful amino acid protein product of high quality such as animal feed and fertilizers. [...]

Methods for Producing Cellulose Using the Bacterium Gluconacetobacter xylinus

November 28, 2016 // 0 Comments

Cellulose is a very biologically useful substance which has a great potential within commercial bioengineering. We are specifically interested in using cellulose as a medium to create an artificial seaweed which will allure the parasite, Perkinsus marinus, preventing it from attacking native oysters of the Chesapeake Bay. Here we will address a procedure which we adapted from a group at Imperial College, London, which describes the creation of the growth media and subsequent propagation of the G. xylinus. We found an easy and reliable technique to culture the G. xylinus to produce a thick sheet of cellulose within two to three weeks. [...]

Charlotte’s New Web: Creating Fluorescent Spider Silk

November 22, 2016 // 0 Comments

The objective is to design and produce synthetic spider silk that will present fluorescent qualities in protective gear worn in police, fire and rescue services, National Guards, and many other law enforcement and life saving agencies. [...]